The importance of a room's focal point is one of the key ideas in interior design. The focal point is a part of the room that's arranged and decorated to catch your attention when you walk in, and It gives your eyes a resting point when using the room. The focal point can also state the purpose of the room as well as set the mood. While any room can have a focal point, you'll find these ideas most useful for decorating important spaces such as living rooms or family rooms, dens, dining rooms, and master bedrooms. A focal point can be developed around an architectural feature, artwork and collectibles, or a furniture grouping - or a combination of these elements.
If the room you're decorating has a fireplace, a window with a compelling view, or built-in bookshelves, consider yourself lucky. Any of these architectural features can create a natural focal point. Take advantage of your built-in focal point by arranging a seating area to face it, and place the room's other furnishings to direct the eye toward the feature.
Handsome furnishings can create a focal point when none exists. For example, if your living room or dining room lacks the interest of a built-in focal point, add a china cabinet or a series of display shelves on the long, windowless side of these rooms. In the family room, a media center can serve as a focal point that suits and enhances the room's function.
Furniture groupings can also add to an architectural feature, such as a bay window. Create a conversation area with two comfortable chairs and a small table. Or, install an armchair, footstool or ottoman, along with a lamp and side table for a comfortable reading nook that is also a focal point for the entire room.
Whether displayed singly or in a gallery wall grouping, artwork and collectibles can create a memorable focal point in an otherwise featureless room. For example, a wall-mounted grouping of collectible plates can enliven a blank wall in an entryway. Artwork and collectibles can also be combined with architectural and furniture-based focal points. Think of a museum-quality painting hung over a fireplace mantel, or a collection of 1950s dinnerware displayed in a china cabinet in an eclectic dining room.
When you've identified your focal point, place your furniture so that the main seating orients towards it. Then arrange accessories and artwork to create visual interest at the focal point. Choosing accessories in similar colors and themes will further unify the arrangement. Using a focal point in this manner helps bring order into a chaotic room. As you practice bringing this concept into your home decorating, you'll notice your rooms looking more cohesive and pulled together.